GFCI or ground fault circuit interrupter required under the purchase contract?

October 28, 2010

Often in selling and buying real estate a home inspection will be completed on the property.  and many times the inspector will note a safety concern and reccomend the installation of a GFCI outlet in specific locations.  The interesting note is the Northern Virginia Association of Realtors contract to purchase does not mention that safety items must be repaired as part of the purchase contract.   After the home inspection buyers will often ask for the installation of a GFCI outlet but unless the location for the installation was constructed or modified after the applicable date below it is not required under our contract.

This brings up the interesting topic of what is required under the purchase contract and what is not.  Typically all items relating to heating, plumbing and electrical must be in normal working order.   All other items in disrepair, their repair or replacement is negotiable.  more to come on this soon.



Any contract questions feel free to contact me   Norm  at  Callnorm dot com

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The following dates indicate when nationally accepted minimum safety standards required GFCI protection. Local
minimum safety standards may have adopted protection standards at earlier or later dates, and their standards may
differ.
DATES GFCI REQUIRMENTS WERE ESTABLISHED:
1971 Receptacles within 15 feet of pool walls
1971 All equipment used with storable swimming pools
1973 All outdoor receptacles
1974 Construction sites
1975 Bathrooms, 120-volt pool lights, fountain equipment
1978 Garages, spas, hydro-massage tubs
1978 Outdoor receptacles above 6ft. 6in.from grade exempted
1984 Replacement of non-grounding receptacles with no grounding conductor allowed
1984 Pool cover motors
1984 Distance of GFCI protection extended to 20 feet from pool walls
1987 Unfinished basements
1987 Kitchen countertop receptacles within 6 feet of sink
1987 Boathouses
1990 Crawlspaces (with exception for sump pumps or other dedicated equip.)
1993 Wet bar counter tops within 6 feet of sink
1993 Any receptacle replaced in an area presently requiring GFCI
1996 All kitchen counter top outlets
1996 All exterior receptacles except dedicated de-icing tape receptacles
1996 Unfinished accessory buildings at or below grade
1999 Exemption for dedicated equipment in crawlspace removed


I can help you

Search the Arlington VA MLS
Receive listings of homes for sale as soon as they hit the market
Determine your home’s value
Search for homes, condos, and townhomes for sale by metro stop